Friday, 1 June 2012

Karnad, pioneer of modern Indian Theatre.

Girish Karnad( Girish Raghunath Karnad)
                  A contemporary playwright, actor, writer, thinker, movie director of Kannada. Pioneer of Indian modern theatre along with Badal Sarkar, Uthpal Datt, Vijay Tendulkar and Mohan Rakesh.

DOB: 19-05-1938
Born at  MatheranMaharashtra.
Studied Karnataka University and Oxford.
Head of following institutions:
  • Director of the Film and Television Institute of India (1974–1975)
  • Chairman of the Sangeet Natak Akademi, the National Academy of the Performing Arts (1988–93).
  • Director of the Nehru Centre and as Minister of Culture, in the Indian High Commission, London (2000–03)
Awards: Jnanapit Award, Sangeeth Natak Akademi award, Kalidas Samman, Sahithya Akademi award, Padmashri award, Padma Bhooshan award etc and many film awards for best film, direction, screenplay etc.

                  Karnad is known for his plays. Being one of the pioneer of Indian modern Theatre, influenced by renaissance in Western literature and theory of Brecht, brought a new era of change in literature as well as theatre of India in 1960's and 70's. Karnad took the subject from history, myths and epics like Shakespeare with a contemporary view. Karnad stands separate from other playwrights of his time because his works were not based on a particular region or area. Its not limited or restricted like other playwrights work as they were stick to their region.. The specialty of Karnad is that, he looked into psychological and philosophical conflicts through his characters. We can see a kind of strong duality in his plays. Including Karnad all the playwrights of 1960's and 70's looked back to the roots which was reflected in their plays.
                  He also directed and acted in many films. His fims like Vamsha Vriksha, Samskara, Tabbaliyu ninade magane, Godhuli, Kaadu, Ondanondu Kaaladalli, Kanooru Heggadathi etc brought him many awards including Golden Lotus award.  His plays are directed by notable directors like B V Karanth, Alkazi, Prasanna, CR Jambe etc.

Plays: Yayaathi(1961), Tughluq(19640, Hayavadana(1971), Anjumallige(1977), Hittina Hunja(1980), Nagamandala(1988), Taledanda(1990), Agni mattu male(1995), Maa Nishada, Bali, Tippuvina Kanasu. Odaku Bimba etc.
                   All his plays had been translated to either Hindi or English. He also translatted Evam Indrajith of Badal Sarkar to English. 
                    For more detail or further reading go through his autobiography Aadaadtha Aayushya. 

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